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What is Polycystic Kidney Disease?

 

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD or PCKD, also known as polycystic kidney syndrome) is a genetic disorder in which abnormal cysts develop and grow in the kidneys.

Cystic disorders can express themselves at any point, infancy, childhood, or adulthood.

 

Cystic kidney disease refers to a wide range of hereditary, developmental, and acquired conditions.

 

With the inclusion of neoplasms with cystic changes, over 40 classifications and subtypes have been identified.

Is PKD deadly?

 

We now call this inherited disease Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease or ADPKD (or often PKD). Note: A recessive, deadly form, Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (ARPKD), is far less common, affecting mostly newborns, infants and children.

 

Cystic kidney disease refers to a wide range of hereditary, developmental, and acquired conditions.

 

With the inclusion of neoplasms with cystic changes, over 40 classifications and subtypes have been identified.

 

What is the cause of Polycystic Kidney Disease?

 

Abnormal genes cause polycystic kidney disease, and the genetic defects mean the disease runs in families. Rarely, a genetic mutation can be the cause of polycystic kidney disease. There are two types of polycystic kidney disease, caused by different genetic flaws: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).

 

How serious is PKD?

 

The cysts vary in size, and they can grow very large. Having many cysts or large cysts can damage your kidneys. ... The disease can cause serious complications, including high blood pressure and kidney failure. PKD varies greatly in its severity, and some complications are preventable

 

Is PKD deadly?

 

In fact, about 90 percent of all PKD cases are ADPKD. This form of the disease is passed from parent to child by recessive inheritance. Symptoms can begin in the earliest months of life, even in the womb. It tends to be very serious, progresses rapidly, and is often fatal in the first few months of life.

 

Is there any treatment for polycystic kidney disease?

 

The goal of PKD treatment is to manage symptoms and avoid complications. Controlling high blood pressure is the most important part of treatment. Some of the treatment options may include: pain medication, except ibuprofen (Advil), which isn't recommended since it may worsen kidney disease.

 

What is the life expectancy of someone with polycystic kidney disease?

 

By the age of 60, half of all ADPKD patients require dialysis or transplantation, with kidney failure occurring at an average age of 74 years for PKD2 patients vs. 55 years for PKD1 patients. The life expectancy for PKD1 patients is 53.0 years and 69.1 years for PKD2 patients.

 

Is polycystic kidney disease a disability?

 

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) eventually leads to poor kidney function and kidney failure for many sufferers. ... If your PKD prevents you from working, you may qualify for Social Security Disability (SSD) benefits, including Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI).

 

How do you treat Polocystic Kidnet Disease?

 

Treatment may include:

 

1. Pain medication.

2. Blood pressure medication.

3. Antibiotics (to treat UTI)

4. A low-sodium (salt) diet.

5. Diuretics (to help remove excess fluid)

6. Surgery (to drain cysts and help relieve discomfort)

TIP: When you have both kidneys removed, you can't pass urine. The dialysis machine does this for you

 

Polycystic Kidney Disease

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